Essential Features of the Holy Spirit / Birth of "Pneuma" in Humans

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Session 1 & 2 of "New Life in the Holy Spirit"

Talk 1: Essential Features of the Holy Spirit: Breath, Light, Responsive Love

Talk 2: irth of "Pneuma" in Humans: Life in the Spirit

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#set-new-life-in-the-holy-spirit

#preached-retreat

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shall we begin with the prayer
a foreigner yeah it's on the sheet that i can say with as part so since it's a retreat on the holy spirit so we will will lie to invoke the holy spirit to be our real preacher real richard master
come oh holy spirit filled the heart of your facebook and can do in them the fire your love
sandbox your spirit and they shall be created and you shall renew the face of beard
let us pray oh god who taught the hearts of the face tone by the light of the holy spirit grant that by the gift of the sam's period we may be orange jewelry wines and rebel rejoice in his conservation
i'm surprised our lord amen
so welcome
welcome to this weekend preached a retreat the last of a series of this year
our topic is the holy spirit and christian life
as you know that the holy spirit is usually called he forgotten spirit
but thanks to the charismatic renewal in the christian churches and through the teaching or by to come to the holy spirit has been gradually restored to a rightful place in the church and in our christian bible
but there is to a long way to go before the holy spirit will really take possession of than most important position which is his to both in the church and in our spiritual live
our present retreat is a small effort towards this goal and i pray that the holy spirit himself will enlighten us and be our guide
this will be the topics of the botox of our retreat first the essential features of the holy spirit we we're going to do it tonight second the birth of new bar in humans are life in the spirit pneuma
a is the greek word for period and third the spirit affiliation or adoption and prayer for the spirit ambition and charisms
the will last for about forty five minutes and at the end of each talk bishop some time for questions and discussion if possible
now let us begin with the topic of our first talk this evening namely the essential features of the holy spirit i have chosen three aspects for our reflection best the holy spirit as life-giving breath secondly as illuminating light
and finally as responsive love
is sort of scheme on the board tell you get every now and then have a look at it
i believe that these choices represent the most important characteristics or rows of the holy spirit as found in scripture and tradition
and as you notice my choice is also inspired by the prayer come oh holy spirit which we have just recite it
fess up all the hottest period is the life-giving breast of god the english word spirit is derived from the latin word spirit years which in turn is a translation of the greek word numa up in delmar
the words period may suggested the idea of something non substantial
but the hebrew word in old testament for the spirit is brewer
which has a different connotation
by the way it is a feminine word
rua means wind in motion or air or breads it indicates something active a line force or a vital energy
above all it stands for the create your power of god so we we read from the opening of the book of genesis in the beginning when god created the heavens and the earth the earth was formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep
while the spirit of god namely a breath of god swept over the face of the waters
the sacred writer tells us that a spirit of god was at work i say creative force when god first created heaven and earth
of god as a creative force is also expressed in the psalms
when you send for your brand's they are created and you renew the face of the earth
this purse up some hundred and four is part of the prayer which be said at the beginning then force your spirits and they shall be created and you shall we knew the face of the earth
the book of genesis continuous narrating the story of the creation of human beings
after forming the body of adam from the dust of the earth god breathed into his nosotros the breath of life and adam became a living being
here the spirit is presented as life-giving breast at the very creation of human being
but the breast of god is not only at work during creation it is also a bite or force by recreation for is pouring life to the dead
for example in division of the valley of dry bones the prophet ezekiel was ordered by god to prophesied to the press to come from the four wins and a breathe upon the dead with this the dead were revived symbolize
king the revival of the people of israel
and later in the latter in the letter to the romans paul tells us explicitly that the holy spirit is the principle of our bodily resurrection he says if the spirit of him who raised jesus from the dead dwells in you
he who raised christ from the dead will give life to jumbo two bodies also through his spirit that dwells in you
romans chapter eight verse eleven
the idea of rua as life-giving brass are vital energy has great significance in inter-religious dialogue central to orient to thought for example is a similar concept which means breath are vital
energy in sanskrit purana in chinese she and in japanese key you have the three words and it's the to work on the board
all these words point to a certain cosmic energy or by to force which causes of sued entire universe linking all things together
it also circulate through the human body when it is healthy
in this concept the special abode but she a vital energy in a human body is not the head or the heart but the belly
to be precise it is the region about an inch below the navel in chinese it is called tandem and in japanese t chi which means literary the sea of energy
by the way it a practice of zen meditation or of martial arts like kung fu karate or judo or even in a fine arts like the tea ceremony or the flower arrangements the center of gravity is the tandem or
our key kyle
accordingly at the time of meditation one breathes deeply from the abdomen or tandem letting the chief filled the whole body
this key is an element which refreshes nourishes and gibbs energy to the human person
she is also a healing power
when can actually heal the injury of another person by laying hands on the injured area to impart cheap for healing
it is also an oriental conviction that there is one single cheap which permeates all beings and the entire universe uniting all things together in interconnectedness
through a regular rhythm are breathing in and letting out that she one is in contact and in harmony with the universe
so one can easily perceived the similarity between ruler and this baby buying and unifying element called cheap
the idea of an attendant as the center of cheap reminds me of the sign of jonah given by jesus
just as jonah was three days and three knife in the belly of the sea monster so for three days and three nine the son of man will be in the heart of yours
jesus uses the expression the heart of the earth
after his desk jesus was buried in the tomb and descended into shale or the region of the dead to liberate the patriarchs prophets and all just ones who had died and fit for him
so jesus found himself at the heart of the earth and from there he rose again from the dead
perhaps we might connect the sign of jonah with a sentence from paul's first letter to the corinthians where he compares the resurrection of jesus to the creation of the first man adam
palm states does it is written the first man adam became a living being the last adam jesus became a life-giving spirit
first corinthians chapter fifteen verse forty five
just as god breathed the on the face of the first adam and he became a living being so at a time of the resurrection god the father also priest or the face of the last adam jesus so that he might rhymes not only
it as a living being but as a life-giving spirit
the reason jesus is so filled with the breath of god that he himself becomes the source of this life-giving breadth or spirit to the world
in this way the whole creation becomes the cosmic body of the reason christ
yep we connect this pro-line text with a sign of jonah namely with the images of the belly of the sea monster and the heart of the earth can you say that the reason jesus is not only the head of the body the world but he's
is the very center the heart or the tandem of he is costing body from which he continuously sense of false the life-giving brands of the spirit
to any made renew and transform the whole universe
and so to creative breath of god becomes also the life-giving breath of the reason christ through the whole universe
let us now consider the second characteristic of the holy spirit namely the spirit as illuminating light
in our prayer to the holy spirit with saying oh god who taught the heart of the faithful by the lights of the holy spirit grant that by the gifts of the same spirit we may be always truly wines and ever rejoice in his consolation
we pray for the light of the spirit so that we may be truly wines or in latin correct on saturday which means to sailor to experience what is true and right namely to say where the things of god
we shall return to this idea of savouring or experience pitch is of greatest importance
but some me have an objection to the image of light as applied to the foolish period
for in the prologue of the gospel
st john tells us that the word of god is the true light which enlightens everyone and he is coming into the world
so declares that he is the light of the world
then why should we apply image of light to the holy spirit
in songs thirty six we come across a special worse which says for with you is the fountain of life in your lives we see light
some thirty six first name
what does this mean in your light we see light
the same word light appears twice in this verse
think bathroom the great one of the cappadocia and father's gives the following interpretation to this particular verse
he says it is in the light of the holy spirit the beasts see the light of christ
christ is the true light of the world but you know that to perceive this light he nodded to know christ we need the light of the spirit his inner illumination
both christ and the spirits are for with light but they have different functions christ is the image of the father he's the word of god made flesh he nodded to review the face of god through a human face
and to review the hidden mysteries of god through the events of a human life
christ is the human face of god
but in order to see the image of god hidden in the human face of jesus we need he illuminating light of the spirit
if jesus is the human face of the heat and god the spirit is the light shining on the face of jesus
in a similar way in the gospel of john jesus is presented as the truth
and likewise the spirit is also presented as the spirit of truth
yet they have different functions jesus is the truth that reviews god and teachers that truth of god why are the spirit is called a spirit of truth because he introduces as into the truth of christ
he reminds the disciples of the words of jesus helping them to understand the meaning
and that is why we say in your light we see light namely if the illuminating light up the spirit we perceive the true light which is christ
in christian tradition to hear it is normally related to the idea of love especially the love which unites the father and the sun
but one of the early latin fathers of the church mario's victorian news presents at somehow different picture of the holy trinity
following the neoplatonic philosophy of his time he indicates the father as being or existence the sun as life and the spirit at knowledge
this particular motto of the trinity has much to recommend itself
you'd be examine the scripture bishop find many references connecting the spirit to the idea of knowledge and consciousness
for example
he's that the spirit of prophecy who enlightens and inspires the profits to announce the heathen things of god
he's a spirit who as paul stands searches everything even the depths of god for but human being knows what is truly human except the human spirit that's within so also no one comprehends what is too
truly god's except the spirit of god
first corinthians chapter two verses can to get having
and he is also called the spirit of revelation and wisdom and knowledge
moreover the spirit is also
a spirit of consciousness
the room of the spirit is not to me to introduce christians into a special relationship with jesus and with guard
he also renders as conscious of aware of this intimate relationship
and paul tells us that we become children of god because we have received the spirit of adoption
this spirit who accomplishes our adoption also makes us aware of this relationship and enables us to respond with video disposition
for as paul says the spirit bears witness to our spirit that we are children of god
and he inspires us to call god abba father
romans chapter eight verse fifteen to six kin
in a similar way it is the spirit who makes us aware of the presence of god within us
during the last supper jesus assures that disciples saying those who love me will keep my words and my father will love them and we will come to them and make up a home with them
john fourteen twenty three
jesus promises that she and the father will make their abode in those who love them
but it is the spirit who makes us aware of the indwelling of god in us as john writes later in his first letter
biden's be know that we abide in him and he in us because he has given us up his spirit
best john chapter for thirteen
the spirit that only not only accomplishes of a video adoption and dispose the life of grace on us he is also the light which enables us to perceive and experience this hidden realities the can experience
is our greatest the importance particularly in this present age when people are seeking experience above all in religion
the charismatic renewal movement in the christian churches in a special way reminds us that experience is indispensable for the life of faith without religious experience our life of face would be greatly hampered and would be difficult
lt to sustain
in his book entitled a new pentecost
cardinal his shins repeatedly points out the importance of the mutual support between faith and experience
faith should introduce us into religious experience and in turn experience deepens our things
the significance of very just experience for our christian life is also very much trust in the eastern orthodox tradition
st simeon the new theologian
advice and time cinch
proper you'll see a byzantine cent of the tenth century puts strong emphasis upon conscious personal awareness of christ and of the spirit
he is passionately convinced that christianity involves much more than a fumble dogmatic orthodoxy or an outward observance of borrow ruse
he that no one can be a christian at a distance for a second hand so to speak
the tradition has to be lived by each one of us without exception and each should experience the indwelling presence of the holy spirit in a conscious almost palpable manner
siemian rights in one of his hymns
do not say it is impossible to receive the holy spirit do not say it is possible to be saved without him
do not say then that one can possess him without knowing it
is on knowing because the reality is so should become transparent so with the light of the holy spirit
and as we know most of the oriental practices on meditation seek to obtain a deeper level of consciousness and enlightenment
as christians we believe that the holy spirit so his inner illumination will introduce us into a deeper consciousness of our christian existence and he us to the show and items regarding the mysteries of god and the ultimate meaning of
reality
so we have reflected on to of the basic features of the holy spirit naming the spirit as life-giving breast and as illuminating light it remains for us to deal with the third essential characteristic of their spirit
nemi spirit as responsive love
our prayer to the holy spirit opens with the following words
come oh holy spirit filled with the hearts of your face tone and kinda within them the fire of your love
according to the westin latin tradition the spirit is usually identified with the love of god this is made it this is based the many are the so-called psychological mother of the trinity as propose by st augustine
in contemplating the holy trinity augustine sees the human person as an image of the trinity he views the same divine person as reflected in the faculties of the human person comparing the father to the memory the sun
one to the intellect and the spirit to the will
augustine designates the spirit as the bond of love next shoes or models between the father and the son
the spirit is the love of the father for the sun and the love of the sun for the father he's their mutual love
the idea of mutuality is important
it means that the spirit is the love which comes forced from the father is received by the sun and returns to the father
so the holy spirit completes the cycle and for this reason is called responsive love
i love
come from the father and still the sun returning to the father
the holy spirit is responsible us that to live with regard to the interior life or relationship of the holy trinity nemi between the father and son he is also responsible of regarding the relationship between god and
the world
sing your news and early father of the church states that in the work of creation and redemption god always works with two hands that is the word and the holy spirit
based on this idea a contemporary theologian karl rahner explains that god communicates himself to human persons entered a world in a truthful manner namely through the word and spirit
god communicates himself so the world as choose and as offer
at the same time he gives himself through the spirit as love and acceptance
in other words when god wishes to give himself as a as a gift to us the author is made of through the word for the sun
they both at the names given to the second person the word of god the son of god
but in order that got me really become a gift he must be accepted by us
this acceptance by us is made possible only through the spirit of love who inspires our loving response to the author of god
this does not mean that a spirit substitutes for our freedom up cause we are free to accept or refuse to say yes or no to the offering of god
but other acceptance or yes to the gift of god is always made under the inspiration of the holy spirit
for this reason our acceptance is a grace just as much as the offer is a grace
the idea that god communicates himself to us so the word and spirit is perhaps best exemplified in the mystery of the incarnation which took place at the moment of the annunciation
that's why did the basilica dedicated to the sensation you're not have it
a dear place traditionally known as the house of mary receding inscription hear the word was made flesh the word was made a fresh the boom of mary the virgin mary
so god was offering his words are the sun to the world mary was the one to give her consent on behalf of the whole humanity the spirit is the responsive love which empowered mary to accept the offer of god with
toto openness and availability
when we are told that mary conceived the word of god through the power of the holy spirit this statement has a two-fold meaning
on the spiritual level the holy spirit inspired married to say yes to the word of god announced by the angel and or the physical level the spirit enabled mary to conceive the word of god in a virgin old room
hence st augustine says mary faster conceived the word of god in her heart so face even before she conceived the word of god in her womb
and the holy spirit is responsible for the fold conception of mary
under the inspiration of the spirit mary gave her consent to the word of god without reserve behold the handmaid of god be the time and to me according to your word
mary's answer is totally open and responsive to the word of god addressed to her by the angel
this total dependence can be better illustrated by using the to german words but and part laughter after to was on the board but and bot namely word an answer
as we can see the answer is totally dependent on the on the word the word became the answer
what and what
the answer is clearly formed by the addressing world just as the word addressed to marry finally became her own answer it done unto me according to your word
and berries answer is given through the inspiration of the holiest periods
we may say that
what or words plus the spirit became antwort or answer he married
the dynamics between the spirits and the words in god's dealings with humanity and the world might also be compared to the to polar ideas in chinese thought yin and yang
young stands by masculine for a definite the author the initiative
gill this it resembles the word of god which is god's offer in truth
jean on the other hand stands for the feminine for what is subtle and gentle forest poems and availability
the spirit of god which signifies loving response
for this reason the spirit is interpreted by some theologians asked the feminine face up card
and according to some ancient tradition the spirit is even called the mother of jesus
in this view the maternity of mary is seen as the concrete expression of the spirits motherhood with regards to chooses the word made flesh
just as yin and yang are always working together in the world as complimentary principles
we also need the word and the spirit the offer and the response the masculine and feminine in our life of grace and in all our relationship with god
in this opening cock we have meditated are the three essential features of the holy spirit
this three characteristics are closely related to one another
as life keeping breads the spirit imparts life to us introducing us into a video relationship with god
as illuminating light he makes us aware of this intimate relationship
and as responsive love teams pious as to turn to god as his loving children
this basic features of the spirit correspond to the following aspects of our life in the spirit namely the reality of the life of grace bestowed by the spirit the experience of this reality and the response proper to this new
life life of grace
let me conclude with a text from the letter to the romans
god's love has been poured into our hearts through the holy spirit that has been given to us
romans chapter five verse five
commenting on this verse medium of sanctuary is food of wonder at the thought that god has poured at his spirit who is the love of god in persian into our hearts so that we may love god with
his own love
this love flowing fast from the father coming through the son is given to us in this period
once this love has reached us the spirit himself initiates a return journey by eating ice burst through the sun and sue him back to the father the sauce and goal of all things
video was the second topic of our retreat namely burst of numa in humans life the spirit
as i said yesterday uma instant greek words for spirit
the expression spiritual life reminds us of the spiritual dimension of the human person namely his openness to the transcendence
but according to christian tradition spiritual line has a deeper meaning
the word spiritual is he after above all from the holy spirit and hence spiritual life means life in the spirit
consequently a spiritual person is one who is led by the spirit who lives and walks according to the spirit
you nodded to lead a life in the spirit it is necessary crimes will be born in the spirit or to put it differently to have spirit bond in us
numa is the greek word for spirit
in the pauline letters numa may mean the holy spirit or the spirit of humans
we have a similar case with the word admin in sanskrit which stands both body universal spirit and the spirit of individual human being
this means that the divine spirit and the human spirit though remaining distinct are intimately related to each other
there is a strict unity in distinction
it has spoken titled unique the new man reflecting on a myth of prometheus thomas merton speaks out the promethium mysticism
prometheus stole fire from the gods and was punched the for it
as the profits for telling board and times per meteors is a mystic without faith
mystic that is in the facetious things as mode and points out who believes leader in himself nor in god
the tragedy of the meteors consists in the fact that the fire which he snatched from the gods was his own namely his own spirit
in the words of martin
the fire his things he has to steal is after all his own fire
god created this spiritual fire for his own children namely their spiritual nature
more than that he gives them his own and created and sanctifying fire which is the holy spirit
and of code enter coat
people have our own time have lost sight of the spiritual dimension of there being and thus few the lack of this fire within themselves
at the same time they are unable to believe the generosity of god who has not only created the spiritual nature of human beings
but it's ready to give them his own spirit as a free gift
they are not aware that they already possess the seat of created fire within themselves waiting to be kindled by the uncreated fire of the holy spirit which can be received a me as a gift
any attempt at obtaining it by stamped or through one's own efforts will prove their prove to be mere illusion
in the book of genesis we read that god created human being in his own image and according to his likeness
different interpretations have been given to the meaning of image and likeness and the relation between the two terms
while some fathers of the church can see the image and likeness as synonyms urine years distinguishes between image and likeness of god in humans
for him the image of god is given at the time of creation and is in alien never
it consists in human persons basic resemblance to the spiritual nature of god
likeness on the other hand is something dynamic and progressive it can grow it is the result of a process through which the image is perfected by a facebook correspondence to its original moto
one the image is given at the beginning
the likeness is invocation a task to be accomplished throughout one's life
to put it in different words we may also say that image and likeness are the same reality scene from different perspectives
lightness means the continuous growth of the image into full conformity with the with its original
adopting the terminology or pawn he renews considers the human person as consisting in body soul and spirit
some psyche and numa
why are so and body constitute the image of god the spirit is the perfecting element which transforms an image into the likeness of god
what is a particular importance in iran years teaching is that this perfecting element the spirit of humans is a participation in the divine spirit in the holy spirit of god
hence the holy spirit is by no means something accidental to human being
on the contrary the holy spirit is an indispensable gift without which the human person which was simply be incomplete or under developed
as has been shown paul uses the term spirit both are the spirit of god and for human spirit
occasionally paul mentions three elements in the human person
a classical texts can be cited from the first letter to t test solutions where paul writes
may the god of peace himself sanctify you entirely
and may your spirit and soul and body he kept his songs and blameless at the coming about of your lord jesus christ
chapter five verse twenty three
now commenting commenting on this verse jewett a powerline scholar says that the majority of commentators today have abandoned the idea that part in this text is presenting a trap a tripartite and so
origin with three components of the human being in mind namely body soul and spirit around which is coming in
some greek philosophy of his time
duet points i'll get in using the term spirit with regard to human beings par is following the popular jewish usage of the time rather than greek philosophy
hear the words cure it does not indicate a third constituents of the human being
rather it means the apportioned divine spirit
or a share in the holy spirit given to the individual human persians
hence both bob for pod and for urine years human being is basically constituted by body and soul
numa our spirit is a new element which perfects the whole persian soul and body through a participation in the spirit of god
mertens understanding of human being is in harmony with that a pawn and iran years
but he also argues that a human being can participate in the divine spirit then there should be an inborn capacity in humans are receptivity for the divine spirit
it is a potentiality given at a time of creation which is in need of being made actual by the coming of the spirit of god
merton identifies this potency was the highest the faculty for the apex of the soul where human person is open to and in communion with the divine
left to yourself this spirit in humans is only a potency
the human spirit becomes numa in the real sense only when it's no longer remains in an isolated away but is awakened and transformed by the presence of the spirit of god
paul merton numa at things it's real meaning when the human spirit is in union with the spirit of god the to becoming one spirit
at the beginning of creation god fashioned the body of adam the first a human being from dust and breathes the into his nosotros a life-giving breath
according to some fathers of the church god has imparted to adam through this breath not only a living soul but a share of his own spirit
adam was raised with the newer in the proper sense his spirit being united to the spirit of card
as a result of this union says the late by the good grief is in his book a new version of reality
in the garden of eden humanity was in perfect unity with nature around
there was unity between the man at the woman unity within the human person and unity with spirit of god
if human beings respond to the holy spirit they grow harmoniously
body and soul grow together in harmony of the spirit
yeah that original state they could open themselves to the spirit of god and allow the spirit to guide them
but they could equally separate themselves from the spirit
they could fall away from the spirit and center on themselves
he's falling away from their spirit into the ego the separate itself through disobedience is the essence of original sin
according to a beat each person there is repeated the fall into the separate self
as a consequence humanity is now divided divide it from nature from one another and from god
when the cell is separated from the spirit of god total is integration takes place
fallen humanity has lost division of the spirit beyond and everything focuses on herself
the cell becomes the center and as such as substitute for god
whether it is power or wealth or pleasure or success
what is happening is that what is focusing on substitutes for god creating a false ego substituted for the true self which should be open and submitted to the spirit of god
because up sin the human being has lost that sang the sins of his spirituality according to merton the human spirit which is given as a potentiality to human being has become
an important and remains in a state of lethargy
the important theme of immunization or deification in the early fathers of the church literally means becoming god
in the present situation it means restoration of the original image in humans which has been disfigured by sin
this is possible only through the coming of the second adam jesus christ
just as the first adam wanted to become like god and sing so now got himself took initiative to become human so that we might be made guy
this is how st athanasius sums up the message of salvation in christ
by assuming but being united to our fallen human nature christ the original image of god was able to restore he injured image of card in humans
third incarnation and especially suit his death and resurrection christ became the cause of the reawakening of our new man by the reverse of the image of god in hatch
issues by sending his spirit into our spirit
through the resurrection of christ burton writes the divine image buried and concealed by same in the depths of our souls rises from death when sending forth his spirit into our spirit crimes becomes whereas the source of a new line
this awakening of our numa may be called a new creation
baptism is normally the moment of our spiritual rebirth are being born of water and the spirit
it is a sacrament of reawakening in which the spirit of god awakens are dormant spirits same a wink you sleepers rhymes from desk
perhaps we might recall the story of the sleeping beauty
the sleeping princess was awakened by the loving case of the prince
in a similar way a dormant spirit is awakened by the holy spirit who is called the case between the father and the sun
merton cause baptism the sacraments of illumination
he reached the human spirit illuminated by the presence of the divine spirit becomes the new man in the proper sands
merton also office another image for this elimination nemo
it in kindles this park of the soul when the uncreated fire of the spirit descends upon the the peak or apex of the soul light up the fire which was given a creation but remains dormant after sin
thus baptism understood as kindling the created fire of our spirit with the uncreated fire of the holy spirit signals for burton the final overcoming have any mysticism of the comedian type
rather than human effort baptism is a pure gift of god
so murder presents baptism as
this in kindling
the created fire which was given to us at creation of human nature of spirit with the uncreated fire which is the holy spirit coming at a time of baptism you need special way
now let us reflect on the effect of this way both
the reverse of the spirit in us is described by paul as having the spirit of christ romans chapter eight was nine or forming one spirit with christ first corinthians chapter six verse seventeen
as a result of this unity with the spirit of christ was able to lead a life in the spirit
it has passed by moment to consider the nature and effect of this union with the spirit
in what consists this union is junichi
fox spirit of unity with union mr spirit
first of all it's a union or the operative order it means that the spirit becomes a cold principal or course subject of our actions
merton indicates our regenerated a spirit as for the by the coalescence of our spirit which the spirit of god in one principle of supernatural action
i repeat
he indicates our regenerate regenerated it's beauty as formed by the cooler lessons of our spirit was the spirit of god in one principle of supernatural action
as a consequence of such coalescence the activity is strictly hours but at the same time he belongs to god
but merton also adds that the unity on the operative other is based on agility of a deeper level namely on an essential unity of our spirit was the spirit of christ
this essential unity
it's a mystery and according to him is best illustrated by the allegory of the wine and branches
christ the compares himself to the vine and the disciples to its branches
this period of christ is the one single principle of line which blows from the buying to the branches uniting us to christ as branches to the buyer
thus the spirit is a principle of action precisely because he is the principle of new life in ass
in a similar way according to st john of the cross the perfect union of the soul with scott comprises a total transformation he got this jr is compared to the activity of fire in the world
the fire penetrates the would transforms it and unites it to yourself why would the word becomes totally incandescent and inflamed
jonathan cross goes onto say that such is the activity of the holy spirit the flame of love present in the soul
the soul in this state of transformation is compared to the lack of wood which is immersed in the fire
while remaining distinct the whole substance of the soul becomes fiery civil union with the fire of the polish period
the presence of the holy spirit in the substance of the human soul is the cause of a total transformation in god in the operative order
all the faculties of human persian intellect will memory an appetite i transformed an animated by a new principal the spirit of god
it was of st john of the cross
finally all the movements operations and inclinations the soul had previous previously from the principal and strength of its natural life are now in this dungeon dared to what a family were changed into a divine movements and
alive to god
for the soul like a true daughter of god is moved in all by the spirit of god as st paul teachers in saying that those who were moved by the spirit of god our children of god himself quoting romans chapter eight or team
but to say that the actions of the spiritual person or moved by the spirit of god does not mean that they ceased to be by to acts the human person does not become a mechanical instruments of the holy spirit
rather it means that the spirit acts together miss the human person giving him the initial impulse accompanying him in carrying out the act and erecting him towards god as the final goal of his action
in such a union the action of the holy spirit does not substitute for that of the human person but elevates and transport it thoroughly with the theological virtues of faith hope and love
as a consequence the operations belong at the same time to the human person and to the holy spirit
in other words the holy spirit becomes the co-principal by coves subject of the actions of the human person
this is the deepest meaning of our life in the spirit for being led by the spirit
we must be careful not to understand of life in the spirit
in journalistic sense of an opposition between body and soul
the jewish and hence biblical tradition does not recognize in human being a greek type of journalism up two conflicting substances the body being the prison of the soul hence the sole should be liberated from the body
this is a kind of greek journalism
strictly speaking human being does not have a body and as so rather he is a body animated by the soul that is his strict unity in the human person
paul at dartmouth an orthodox theologian of our time adopt the anthropology or paul and observes that spirit as we have seen is not a third component in the makeup of a human being
as a religious concept it is a principle which affects the corporeal as well as the psychical dimension of human beings by rendering them spiritual
just as the human soul baby finds the body making it a living body so the spirit spiritual realizes the whole person body and soul rendering him as spiritual person namely one led by the spirit
far from indicating liberation of the soul from the body or suppression of the corporeal dimension of human being the process of spiritual realization coding to at dartmouth means making the whole a person's
spiritual by submitting body and soul fully under the sway of the spirit of god
nothing is to be left out
the spirit once the whole
rather than in opposition between body and soul the conflict in humans is to be seen on a different level namely the opposition between the natural or urged the person and the spiritual or have any person
to use ended a pair of powerline terminology it is the opposition between the flesh and the spirit
the term flesh sacks in greek is used by paul was the to vote meaning
in its new true meaning flesh indicates human being in its weak fragile and motto condition
but when flesh is used in a pejorative sense that he stands for everything the human person which is opposed to the spirit of god
hence flesh is not to be identified with the body
it's pejorative sense as opposing the spirit flesh means above all self centeredness private and disobedience
poor reviews the christians encodings calling them condo persons especially because there exists in the community primed jersey division and lack of love
in the letter to the romans paul sharply contrasts living according to the pledge with living according to the spirit he says father shall live according to the flesh set their minds are the things of the flesh but those who live a
adding to the spirit set their mind was other things of the spirit to set a mind on a flesh is dead
but of set the mine on the spirit is lived at keys
romans chapter eight verse is fine and six
and in a letter to the galatians paul again presents the conflict between the flesh and the spirit same for what the flesh desires is opposed to the spirit and by the spirit desires is opposed to the flesh
for these are opposed to each other to prevent you from doing what you want
galatians chapter five seventeen
then he gives a list of the works of the flesh in the same passage
in addition to fornication impurity and licentiousness paul especially mentions enmities strife jealousy anger quarrels dissensions factions and envy
from the list of the works of the flesh it is quite clear that paul is more concerned with things against a unity and fraternal charity that since of carnival passions
by contrast the fruit of the spirit mentioned by paul is almost all related to charity
the fruits of the spirit is love joy peace patience kindness generosity faithfulness gentleness and self-control
we may rightly say that the fruit of the spirit is love it it's manifold manifestations
in the same passage paul also says but if you are led by the spirit you are not subject for the law
here produce with the problem of our freedom from the law
in the letter to the romans paul states more explicitly that the law of the spirit has set us free from the old law romans chapter aim to
this means that those who are led by the spirit are being freed from the law of moses not in order to indulge in a lawless state but to follow the new law of the spirit which leads to true freedom
this is a difficult topic in paul which requires a more attentive examination and we shall do so by having because to paul himself and twisting or gaston one of the most authoritative interpreters a paul on this subject
thus in a second letter to the corinthians confronting his own ministry to that of the old covenant paul says the new covenant is not a letter but off spirit
for the letter kills by the spirit gives life
second corinthians chapter three verse six
earlier paul refers to the prophecy of jeremiah's that god will make a new covenant with israel he will put his law within them and you write it on their heart
gentleman's study one steady stream
the new law is one which is written not with inc but with the spirit of the living god not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts
in a certain way the law of moses was a law imposed from outside it tells the people israel what to do
but it does not confer the power necessary for keeping it
owing to the fall of humanity the people of israel were not able to observe the law with the rooms trends
as a result the the old law did not need to live but only produced fear despair and dance
for this reason paul says that the letter pills
on the contrary the new law of the spirits set free and gives life
it is a law written on human hearts
in reality it is the human numa awakened and regenerated by the coming of the poorest peerage
the new law is identical with the new line with in the spirit is towed by the sacrament of birds
this law and life or one
this period is at once that long and the life principle which enable us which enables us to live in accordance with our new life
according to augustan the new law of the spirit is none other than the spirit himself present in our hearts guiding and moving us towards justice and holiness
while the old law is an impotent and his pious as with fear and anxiety the spirit himself attract and draws as to the good with love and delight
it is the special merit of the doctor of grace augustine to point out the light as the secrets of the working of the spirit in us
but the like can love inspired by the spirit for bot is good and just overcome our natural inclination and pleasure for what is evil and simple
it is this delight and love of this peerage which set us free
coding according to the teaching of augustan later followed by st thomas aquinas
love and spontaneity or the hallmarks of freedom
yep one a boys evil merely out of fear or simply because there was a law forbidding it one is not really free but is acting as a slave he observes the law but not as a real really
free person
it is only when one tions evil and the badass good out of love and delight but good itself that one is truly free
in this way genuine love dispels fear and the spirit set as free through interior joining and delight
before concluding this talk i would like to clarify when particular point
i said that baptism is nominee the moment of our spiritual rebirth
however as of to teaches the holy spirit is present and at work in the whole world both before the coming of christ and even today outside the visible body by the visible confines of the church
hence lived in the spirit in the real sayings is possible so in other religious traditions of the world
i shall come back with his topic tomorrow when i shall deal with the spirit and emission of the church
as for now i aligned to present as an example what the ancient parish the philosopher of china johnson describes to be the ideal spiritual person
he says
the perfect person is a spiritual being
even if great oceans burned up he would not feel heart
even if the great rivers are frozen he would not feel cold
and even if terrific thunder were to break up mountains and the wind where the upset the see he would not be afraid
being such he month upon the clowns and forces of heaven rights on the sun and moon and rooms beyond the forest seas
neither life nor death affects him
how much less and such matters as benefit and harm
from equality of things
in a political language drunk for his crimes that perfect human person as enjoying inner freedom and being in perfect harmony which the universe around him
he calls such person a spiritual being
can you say that here drunk for presents us with an enlightening picture of what we understand as spiritual person or life in the spirit
certainly his description of inner freedom is very close to the freedom of one being led by the spirit